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Redistricting Basics

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Redistricting is the redrawing of election boundary lines for political, administrative or other public bodies that elect its membership by district. This includes but is not limited to congressional representatives, state representatives, local town and county councils, commissions, school boards and many other offices elected by voters in districts.

Redistricting is a function of elections that elect winners based on the voting choices of voters in specific geographic areas (districts). Consider any city or town council with 8 members; each member on the council could be elected "at-large," meaning voters from everywhere in the town cast ballots to elect all 8 candidates or, elections could be held in single-member districts where voters in separate districts (wards, precincts etc) elect one council member to represent their specific district.

Jurisdictions that hold elections held by district, are required to periodically redraw the boundaries of these district lines to ensure that each district has a relatively equal amount of voters.

More Learning Articles

  • Redistricting is the actual redrawing of electoral district lines used to elect officials.


  • The process is used to maintain a proportionate  number of voters between districts.

What is Redistricting?