Election Law Blog

Kimball Brace is the president of Election Data Services Inc., a political consulting firm located in Manassas, VA, that specializes in redistricting, reapportionment, the Census, and various election administration issues. Since founding Election Data Services in 1977, Mr. Brace has provided redistricting software, geographic and demographic databases, and data analysis and technical support services for redistricting plan development to more than 50 redistricting commissions and numerous state and local legislatures throughout the United States. As a nationally recognized expert on redistricting and the census, he has delivered speeches, conducted seminars, and testified as an expert witness in over 75 court cases in the past four decades. Areas of expertise include demographic databases, district compactness, racial bloc voting, and communities of interest. Mr. Brace testified on voting equipment in Florida’s Bush vs. Gore case in 2000. Prior to founding Election Data Services, he was an associate editor of the biweekly newsletter, Election Administration Reports. Mr. Brace is a graduate of American University in Washington, D.C.

Professor Daniels is currently an assistant professor of law teaching critical legal theory, election law, and civil procedure. She is a voting rights expert and national speaker, who has served as a Deputy Chief in the Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Voting Section. Professor Daniels has litigated a plethora of voting rights cases, including those involving single and multimember districts, minority language requirements and compliance with other voting rights statutes, such as the National Voter Registration Act. She has almost two decades of voting rights experience bringing cases that involved various provisions of the Voting Rights Act, National Voter Registration Act and other voting rights statutes. She has also conducted settlement negotiations and sought legislative remedies. Prior to beginning her voting rights career, Prof. Daniels was a staff attorney with the Southern Center for Human Rights representing death row inmates and bringing prison condition cases. She clerked in the United States Circuit Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit with the Honorable Joseph W. Hatchett and is a graduate of New York University School of Law. She is a native of Louisiana and a true Girl Raised In the South or GRITS.

Advisory Board

Our Team

Jeff Wice, Sandler, Reiff & Young

Prof. Nathaniel Persily, Columbia Law School

Peter Wattson, Minnesota Governor's Office (retired)

Kristen Clarke, NY Attorney General's Office

Kimball Brace, Election Data Services

Prof. Gilda Daniels, Editor

Michelle Davis, Editor



Michelle Davis is a Senior Policy Analyst for the Maryland General Assembly specializing in redistricting and election law and an adjunct professor at the University of Maryland Baltimore County. She was the 2011 Vice-Chair of the Elections & Redistricting Committee, National Conference of State Legislators and a contributing author to the book entitled "Redistricting Law 2010," published by the National Conference of State Legislatures. Ms. Davis has served as one of the principle advisors to the Maryland Governor's Redistricting Advisory Committee, The Speakers Advisory Committee on Redistricting, The Senate Committee on Redistricting and the 2002 Study Committee on Public Funding of Campaigns in Maryland. She is a frequent guest lecturer at the University of Baltimore Law Shool and has published various articles on the topic of redistricting and voting rights including Decoding Shelby: The Legal Implications of the Supreme Court’s Voting Rights Act Decision. THE PUBLIC LAWYER (American Bar Assoc.) Winter 2013 and Assessing the Constitutionality of Adjusting Prisoner Census Data in Congressional Redistricting: Maryland’s Test Case. THE UNIVERSITY OF BALTIMORE LAW FORUM (43 U. Balt. L.F. 35) Fall 2012. Michelle received her M.B.A. from the University of Baltimore and her J.D. from the University of Maryland Law School.

Peter Wattson served as General Counsel to Governor Mark Dayton. Previous to that Mr. Wattson spent 40 year as Senate Counsel to the Minnesota Senate. In 2009 and 2010, he served as Secretary of the Senate (Legislative). Mr. Wattson began as counsel to the Committees on Agriculture and Natural Resources & Environment in 1971, and began working for the Rules Committee in 1973. He began working for the Senate Finance Committee in 1975, drafting appropriation bills and state general obligation bonding bills. In 1991-92, Mr. Wattson served as counsel to the Redistricting Committee. From 1993 to 2008, he served as counsel to the committee or subcommittee responsible for election law. He has served as Staff Chair of NCSL’s Reapportionment Task Force in 1989, its Redistricting Task Force in 1999, and its Committee on Redistricting and Elections in 2009. From 1993 to 1996, he was a member of NCSL’s Executive Committee and has served as a member of the Executive Committee of the Legal Services Staff Section. Mr. Wattson received his law degree from the University of Minnesota in 1969 and his bachelor of arts in government from Harvard University in 1966.

Kristen Clarke is currently the head of the Civil Rights Bureau at the NY Attorney General's Office. She was formerly a Co-Director of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund’s Political Participation Group, which litigates voting rights and other election law / civil rights issues on behalf of African-Americans across the country. In 2009, Ms. Clarke was part of the litigation team that defended section 5 of the Voting Rights Act before the Supreme Court in Northwest Austin Utility District No. 1 v. Holder. Ms. Clarke previously served as a trial attorney for the Justice Department’s Voting Rights Section as well as a federal prosecutor for the Department in the Civil Rights Division’s Criminal Section. As an expert on voting and election issues, Clarke has testified before both chambers of the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Election Assistance Commission and several state legislatures regarding voting rights and other election topics. Clarke is a published author on issues of race, law and democracy and a regular contributor to journals such as the Harvard Law & Policy Review, the Houston Law Review, and the Howard Law Journal. She received her A. B. from Harvard University and her J.D. from Columbia Law School. In 2010, she was awarded Columbia Law School’s Paul Robeson Distinguished Alumni Award.

Learning Materials


Jeff Wice is currently special counsel to the New York State Senate, he is also “of counsel” to Sandler, Reiff & Young P.C. in Washington, DC. and a long-time member of the National Conference of State Legislature’s top leadership, including service on the National Executive Committee and as staff chair of the Elections and Redistricting Committee. Mr. Wice is a special professor at Hofstra Law School in New York where he teaches election law. He has over 30 years of experience in the field of redistricting and is a nationally recognized expert on the subject. He served as counsel to the President’s appointees to the 2000 federal Census Monitoring Board and as counsel to the Democratic National Committee’s redistricting project during the 2000 redistricting cycle. He has filed amicus briefs in two high profile redistricting cases; Shaw v. Reno and Bartlett v. Strickland. Mr. Wice holds a B.A. from The George Washington University (1974) and a J.D. from the Antioch Law School (1982). He is a member of the District of Columbia Bar and has been admitted to practice the Federal District Court for the District of Columbia and the United States Supreme Court.

Nathaniel Persily is the James B. McClatchy Professor of Law at Stanford Law School. He was formerly the Charles Keller Beekman Professor of Law and Political Science and Director of the Center for Law and Politics at Columbia Law School. Persily is a nationally recognized expert on election law; He has served as a court-appointed expert in redistricting litigation for Georgia, Maryland and New York and as the California State Senate’s expert in its redistricting litigation. He is the author of two amicus briefs in the high profile Voting Rights Act cases of Bartlett v. Strickland and NAMUDNO v. Holder. Persily received his B.A. and M.A. in political science from Yale in 1992. He earned his J.D. from Stanford in 1998, where he was president of the Stanford Law Review, and received his Ph.D. in political science from U.C. Berkeley in 2002. After spending 2001 as an adjunct professor at Columbia Law School, he joined the University of Pennsylvania law faculty, becoming a full professor in 2005. He joined the Columbia Law faculty in 2007.